In the 2016 randomized, placebo controlled trial, researchers used a fairly high dose of EGCG of 856 mg, which required high dose green tea extract (GTE). Trying to drink this much from hot brewed green tea is daunting as it would require 12 cups per day. Supplements have high placebo effects, so randomization and placebo controlling is important. If people believe a supplement will make them lose weight, it generally will, no matter what it is. In order to maximize extraction of EGCG, the GTE was prepared by steeping green tea leaves in pure water at 90 C three times for 20 minutes each, then cooling the extract to preserve the catechin content. The extract was dried under low temperature and pressure conditions and also decaffeinated.
”But science actually tells us the opposite,” says the professor. “Regardless of whether you pick a sensible diet, exercise, behavioural therapy or a drug, our analysis of the literature shows that it’s those who experience the greatest weight loss in the first 2-4 weeks who have the greatest weight loss the following year. So if you’ve lost a lot of weight after one month, you’re more likely to have lost a lot of weight after a year or two.”
Cheese isn’t traditionally thought of as something you consume to encourage weight management, but calcium-rich Parmesan, when eaten in moderation, can help stave off sugar cravings that can easily lead to weight gain. How does that work, you ask? The native Italian cheese contains the amino acid tyrosine (a building block of protein) which has been shown to encourage the brain to release dopamine without any unhealthy insulin spikes. What’s more? The combination of calcium and protein found in dairy products such as Parmesan has been found to increase thermogenesis—the body’s core temperature—and thus boost your metabolism.
He is, however, quick to point out that nobody is doing this with any harmful intentions. But he does stress that erroneous information has a tendency to be elevated into truths if it’s repeated sufficiently often. And when myths like these are as widespread as they are, they prevent the public and professionals from getting their priorities right in the fight against obesity.
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